Hesse E, Mikulan E, Decety J, Sigman M, Garcia MD, Silva W, Ciraolo C, Vaucheret E, Baglivo F, Huepe D, Lopez V, Manes F, Bekinschtein TA, Ibánez A. Early detection of intentional harm in the human amygdala. Brain. Nov 2015.

Early detection of intentional harm in the human amygdala.

Autores Hesse E, Mikulan E, Decety J, Sigman M, Garcia MD, Silva W, Ciraolo C, Vaucheret E, Baglivo F, Huepe D, Lopez V, Manes F, Bekinschtein TA, Ibánez A.
Año 2015
Journal Brain
Volumen  Nov 24
Abstract A decisive element of moral cognition is the detection of harm and its assessment as intentional or unintentional. Moral cognition engages brain networks supporting mentalizing, intentionality, empathic concern and evaluation. These networks rely on the amygdala as a critical hub, likely through frontotemporal connections indexing stimulus salience. We assessed inferences about perceived harm using a paradigm validated through functional magnetic resonance imaging, eye-tracking and electroencephalogram recordings. During the task, we measured local field potentials in three patients with depth electrodes (n = 115) placed in the amygdala and in several frontal, temporal, and parietal locations. Direct electrophysiological recordings demonstrate that intentional harm induces early activity in the amygdala (<200 ms), which-in turn-predicts intention attribution. The amygdala was the only site that systematically discriminated between critical conditions and predicted their classification of events as intentional. Moreover, connectivity analysis showed that intentional harm induced stronger frontotemporal information sharing at early stages. Results support the ‘many roads’ view of the amygdala and highlight its role in the rapid encoding of intention and salience-critical components of mentalizing and moral evaluation.media-1vid110.1093/brain/awv336_video_abstractawv336_video_abstract.
Resumen  Este estudio, realizado con registros directos intracraneales en humanos, muestra por primera vez que la amígdala juega un rol crítico en la detección ultrarrápida de la intención de dañar, base del juicio moral y la empatía. El artículo ha sido recientemente destacado en el Diario La Nación (http://goo.gl/bxhn34), la Red Intramed (http://goo.gl/P6OPq6), y mediante un video de divulgación de la revista Brain (https://goo.gl/YWOcBy).