Cardiac Interoception in Neurological Conditions and its Relevance for Dimensional Approaches. Yoris A, Garcia AM, Salamone P, Sedeno L, Garcia-Cordero I, Ibanez A. 2018

AUTORES Yoris A, Garcia AM, Salamone P, Sedeno L, Garcia-Cordero I, Ibanez A.
AÑO 2018
JOURNAL Oxford University Press
VOLUMEN September 15, 2018
ABSTRACT Dimensional and transdiagnostic approaches have revealed multiple cognitive/emotional alterations shared by several neuropsychiatric conditions. While this has been shown for externally triggered neurocognitive processes, the disruption of interoception across neurological disorders remains poorly understood. This chapter aims to fill this gap while proposing cardiac interoception as a potential common biomarker across disorders. It focuses on key aspects of interoception, such as the mechanisms underlying different interoceptive dimensions; the relationship among interoception, emotion, and social cognition; and the roles of different interoceptive pathways. It considers behavioral and brain evidence in the context of an experimental and clinical agenda to evaluate the potential role of interoception as a predictor of clinical outcomes, a marker of neurocognitive deficits across diseases, and a general source of insights for breakthroughs in the treatment and prevention of multiple disorders. Finally, future directions to improve the dimensional and transdiagnostic assessment of interoception are outlined.
RESUMEN En este capítulo editado por Oxford University Press, proponemos un enfoque dimensional y transdiagnóstico para el estudio de la intercepción (la percepción de las señales corporales) a lo largo de múltiples trastornos neurológicos, centrándonos en las diferentes dimensiones interoceptivas; la relación entre la interocepción- emoción-cognición social; y sus correlatos cerebrales.