Trevisan P, Sedeño L, Birba A, Ibáñez A, García, AM. A moving story: Whole-body motor training selectively improves the appraisal of action meanings in naturalistic narratives. 2017

AUTORES Trevisan P, Sedeño L, Birba A, Ibáñez A, García, AM
AÑO 2017
JOURNAL Scientific Reports
VOLUMEN October 02, 2017
ABSTRACT This study examined whether systematic whole-body stimulation and increased attention to visuospatial motion patterns can enhance the appraisal of action meanings evoked by naturalistic texts. Participants listened to action and neutral (non-action) narratives before and after videogame-based bodily training, and responded to questions on information realized by verbs (denoting abstract and action processes) and circumstances (conveying locative or temporal details, for example). Strategically, we worked with dyslexic children, whose potential comprehension deficits could give room to post-training improvements. Results showed a selective boost in understanding of action information, even when controlling for baseline performance. Also, this effect proved uninfluenced by short-term memory skills, and it was absent when training relied on non-action videogames requiring minimal bodily engagement. Of note, the movements described in the texts did not match those performed by participants, suggesting that well-established effector- and direction-specific language embodiment effects may be accompanied by more coarse-grained sensorimotor resonance, driven by activation of motor and visuospatial sensory systems. In sum, the stimulation of movement-related mechanisms seems to selectively boost the appraisal of actions evoked by naturalistic texts. By demonstrating such links between two real-life activities, our study offers an empirical tie between embodied and situated accounts of cognition.
RESUMEN En este trabajo, evaluamos si la estimulación corporal ecológica puede mejorar la comprensión de acciones en textos naturalistas. Primero, 20 niños con dislexia realizaron pruebas de comprensión de narraciones con alto y bajo contenido motor. Luego, se estimuló su sistema motor mediante videojuegos dinámicos en la consola Nintendo Wii. Al evaluárselos nuevamente con otro par de textos, se observó una mejoría específica en su comprensión de acciones. Este efecto no se debió a un incremento en memoria de trabajo y tampoco surgió ante videojuegos que no requieren actividad corporal. Así, éste es el primer estudio en demostrar que la actividad corporal sistemática puede mejorar la comprensión de acciones en historias narrativas.